Asperger syndrome is a form of autism. It's a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people.
Asperger syndrome is mostly a 'hidden disability'. This means that you can't tell that someone has the condition from their physical appearance. People with the condition have difficulties in three main areas – social communication, interaction and imagination.
While there are similarities with autism, people with Asperger syndrome have fewer problems with speaking and are often of average, or above average, intelligence. They do not usually have the accompanying learning disabilities associated with autism, but they may have specific learning difficulties. These may include dyslexia and dyspraxia, or other conditions such as ADHD or epilepsy.
With the right support and encouragement, people with Asperger syndrome can lead full and independent lives.